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Rape: 6 received wisdoms to fight

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"She did not have to go out alone so late", nor "wear a skirt so short", and then, "marital rape is not really a rape in the end ". Minimization, trivialization, guilt of victims: the "culture of rape" has not finished doing damage. The misconceptions, although not majority, remain still too widespread, according to a national survey carried out by IPSOS for the association Traumatic Memory and Victimology.

Anne-Laure Vaineau

Many women say "no" when they think "yes": FALSE

19% of French people, almost 1 in 5, agree with the idea that "when we try to have sex with them, many women say "no" but it means "yes" ". They are just as (21%) to believe that "women can have fun being forced". Among 18-24 year olds, this notion is even shared by 31% of respondents! The report of the French and Reactions on Rape and Sexual Violence survey carried out for the Traumatic Memory and Victimology Association estimates that the trivialization of pornography, and in particular scenes hards , may have reinforced such a conception of female sexuality. This also shows a strong lack of knowledge, especially among young people, of the concept of consent.

To yield, even under duress, is to consent: FALSE

Like the notion of consent, that of coercion seems to be very wrong in the minds of 1 in 5 Frenchmen, for whom rape is not proven when the victim finally gives in when forced. A figure that goes up to 1 in 4 when the resistance disappears due to threats! For the respondents, the fact of not physically opposing requalifies rape as a sexual assault. The Association Traumatic Memory and Victimology recalls that "many physical, moral or economic constraints may allow a person to impose sexual acts or behaviors to another person who does not want them, and who will suffer without saying a word, neither oppose ". To give is not to consent, and the law does not disqualify the rape if the victim has finally let himself be opposed to his agreement.

Some attitudes or outfits provoke the attackers: FALSE

Having a provocative attitude in a public place makes a rape victim responsible, or partly responsible, for 40% of those questioned. As for wearing a sexy outfit (very short skirt, neckline ...), this is again a provocation for 27% of respondents. A point of view that disempowers the aggressor, and that comes in support of a myth also very widespread: for 1 French in 4, it would be possible to respect certain precautions to guard against rape.Difficult to explain, in this case, that 100% of women, whatever their age, their dress, their attitude, claim to have already at least once in their life suffered a sexual and / or sexual aggression in public transport ...

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